
4Year 4 Standards
Top Mathematicians

Geometry & Measurement

4.GM.1.1
Measurement
• Use appropriate scales, devices, and metric units for length, area, volume and capacity, weight (mass), temperature, angle, and time.
• Convert between metric units, using whole numbers and commonly used decimals.
• Use side or edge lengths to fi nd the perimeters and areas of rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles and the volumes of cuboids.
• Interpret and use scales, timetables, and charts. 

4.GM.1.2
Shape
• Identify classes of two and threedimensional shapes by their geometric properties.
• Relate threedimensional models to twodimensional representations, and vice versa. 

4.GM.1.3
Position and orientation
• Communicate and interpret locations and directions, using compass directions, distances, and grid references. 

4.GM.1.4
Transformation
• Use the invariant properties of fi gures and objects under transformations (refl ection, rotation, translation, or enlargement). 

4.GM.1.1

Number and Algebra

4.NA.1.1
Number strategies and knowledge
• Use a range of multiplicative strategies when operating on whole numbers.
• Understand addition and subtraction of fractions, decimals, and integers.
• Find fractions, decimals, and percentages of amounts expressed as whole numbers, simple fractions, and decimals.
• Apply simple linear proportions, including ordering fractions.
• Know the equivalent decimal and percentage forms for everyday fractions.
• Know the relative size and place value structure of positive and negative integers and decimals to three places. 

4.NA.1.2
Equations and expressions
• Form and solve simple linear equations. 

4.NA.1.3
Patterns and relationships
• Generalise properties of multiplication and division with whole numbers.
• Use graphs, tables, and rules to describe linear relationships found in number and spatial patterns. 

4.NA.1.1

Statistics

4.S.1.2
Statistical literacy
• Evaluate statements made by others about the fi ndings of statistical investigations and probability activities. 

4.S.1.3
Probability
• Investigate situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental distributions with expectations from models of the possible outcomes, acknowledging variation and independence.
• Use simple fractions and percentages to describe probabilities. 

4.S.1.2